Dr. Paul Reier & Colleagues published in Jan 27, 2015 Journal of Neurotrauma

Gonzalez-Rothi EJ, Rombola AM, Rousseau CA, Mercier LM, Fitzpatrick GM, Reier PJ, Fuller DD, Lane MA. Spinal Interneurons and Forelimb Plasticity Following Incomplete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury in Adult Rats. J Neurotrauma 2015.

J NeurotraumaAbstract:
Cervical spinal cord injury (cSCI) disrupts bulbospinal projections to motoneurons controlling the upper limbs, resulting in significant functional impairments. Ongoing clinical and experimental research has revealed several lines of evidence for functional neuroplasticity and recovery of upper extremity function after SCI. The underlying neural substrates, however, have not been thoroughly characterized. The goals of the present study were to map the intraspinal motor circuitry associated with a defined upper extremity muscle and evaluate chronic changes in the distribution of this circuit following incomplete cSCI. Injured animals received a high cervical (C2) lateral hemisection (Hx), which compromises supraspinal input to ipsilateral spinal motoneurons controlling the upper extremities (forelimb) in adult rat. A battery of behavioral tests were used to characterize the time course and extent of forelimb motor recovery over a 16 week period post-injury. The retrograde transneuronal tracer – pseudorabies virus – was used to define the motor and premotor circuitry controlling the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) muscle in spinal intact and injured animals. In the spinal intact rat, labeling was observed unilaterally within the ECRL motoneuron pool and within spinal interneurons bilaterally distributed within the dorsal horn and intermediate gray matter. No changes in labeling were observed 16 weeks post-injury, despite a moderate degree of recovery of forelimb motor function. These results suggest that recovery of the forelimb function assessed following C2 hemisection injury does not involve recruitment of new interneurons into the ipsilateral ECRL motor pathway. However the functional significance of these neurons to motor recovery requires further exploration.