“A TEAD1/p65 Complex Regulates the Eutherian-conserved MnSOD Intronic Enhancer, eRNA Transcription and the Innate Immune Response.”
Chokas AL, Bickford JS, Barilovits SJ, Rogers RJ, Qiu X, Newsom KJ, Beachy DE, Nick HS. Biochim Biophys Acta 2014. (In Press)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a critical anti-oxidant enzyme, detoxifies the mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species, superoxide, elicited through normal respiration or the inflammatory response. Proinflammatory stimuli induce MnSOD gene expression through a eutherian-conserved, intronic enhancer element. We identified two prototypic enhancer binding proteins, TEAD1 and p65, that when co-expressed induce MnSOD expression comparable to pro-inflammatory stimuli. TEAD1 causes the nuclear sequestration of p65 leading to a novel TEAD1/p65 complex that associates with the intronic enhancer and is necessary for cytokine induction of MnSOD. Unlike typical NF-κB-responsive genes, the induction of MnSOD does not involve p50. Beyond MnSOD, the TEAD1/p65 complex regulates a subset of genes controlling the innate immune response that were previously viewed as solely NF-κB-dependent. We also identified an enhancer-derived RNA (eRNA) that is induced by either proinflammatory stimuli or the TEAD1/p65 complex, potentially linking the intronic enhancer to intra- and interchromosomal gene regulation through the inducible eRNA.